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I read a sentence in Merriam Webster dictionaries which was:

The misery was general, where not glossed over by liberal application of alcohol.

Does "where not" here mean somewhat like "not a place where it was not"? I was confused because I have never seen this sort of grammatical construction before.

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It means, essentially, "except where".

The misery was general, where not glossed over by liberal application of alcohol.

This could also be written as:

The misery was general, except where it was glossed over by a liberal application of alcohol.

Basically, everyone was miserable, except the people who were drunk.

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The sentence is a bit figurative. It can also be interpreted as

The misery(a state or feeling of great physical or mental distress or discomfort) was general where it was not glossed over(to avoid considering sth) by liberal application of alcohol.


Here where is used as a relative pronoun and it was is omitted. And this is a correct gramatical construction.

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