Is it a correct sentence:

What do you think has happened with her?

it looks like both parts - "you think" and "has happened" require the same word - "what" but here is only one "what". If we give this "what" to "you think" then "has happened" will have no noun. If we will do conversely by giving "what" to "has happened" then "you think" will be left without this "what". Or it can be for both of them having only one "what", not two and so on?

  • It's a correct sentence but I'm not sure I can explain why. Generally speaking, it's proper to follow one clause with a new clause that refers back to something prior in the sentence. What -> do you think -> has happened -> with her... flows correctly. – Edward Barnard Mar 25 at 1:15
  • [An accident] happened to her. Try making a question out of that. What, do you think, has happened to her. It's embedded. – Lambie Mar 25 at 18:53
  • It's like only one "what" can serve for both "do you think" and "has hapened" at the same time? – Michael Azarenko Mar 26 at 9:48

" You think " and " has happened " both required " What " as their subject. " That + which " can be shortened and combined into "What" or " whatever " for the sake of flow specially in day to speech , conversation and normal use. That+which is rather academic and is used to pay greater importance to antecedent.

"What" being an interrogative pronoun proceeds the inversion of helping " DO". Let us do a gimmick with the sentence.

  • Do you think (that+ which) has happened with her?

"What" is an interrogative objective pronoun fronted for the purpose of questioning but at the same time discharging the function it serves as a relative pronoun.

  • What - do you think - has happened to her? – Lambie Mar 25 at 19:10
  • Hm, okay, it seems to be able to serve for two different parts of the sentence at the same time but only with one "what". – Michael Azarenko Mar 26 at 9:50
  • 1
    We can easily bypass the problem if we think it's not WHAT but the entire " Questioning WH- Noun Clause ",. " What do you think " is the subject of " has happened with her". But the sentence is so nicely worded it automatically refers back to WHAT again. Nice question indeed! – Barid Baran Acharya Mar 26 at 11:27

What do you think has happened with her? is incorrect.

'Happen' means 'take place' or 'occur', and you have used past tense.
'Has happened' is completed by the present.

"What do you think has happened to her?" is correct, because you are asking 'what' in relation to 'her' as far (in time) as the present.

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