2

I want to know, how to identify subject and predicate of such long sentence?

Talking about our old family holidays has made me feel all nostalgic.

2

The subject is "talking about our old family holidays."

Normally in declarative sentences in English, the subject precedes the verb. Here the verb is "has made."

A subject need not be a noun or pronoun. A participle can be used as a noun and is then called a gerund.

Swimming is good exercise.

The subject is the gerund "swimming," and the meaning is the activity denoted by the root verb of the participle.

But a participle can take an object or modifiers. In which case the entire phrase of participle plus object and modifiers becomes the subject. So your example shows a phrase headed by a gerund as subject.

2

Talking about our old family holidays has made me feel all nostalgic.

The subject is the gerund-participial clause in bold, and the predicate is the verb phrase that follows it, i.e. has made ne feel all nostalgic.

We know it's the subject because:

(1) It occupies the basic subject position before the verb.

(2) In subject-auxiliary inversions it occurs after the auxiliary, as in Has talking about our old family holidays made me feel all nostalgic?

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.