Sentence: Would you please put the book where it belongs?

Q: I tried to disassemble the sentence to understand what "where" looks like. (see as bellow)

(1) Would you please put the book at the place.

(2) The book belongs at the place.

so, "where" = "at the place" = "at which"

Am I right?

ref. Grammar book.

(a) Where = in/at/on which

(b) And follow the example:

(1) This is the place.

(2) I was born in the place.

(1) + (2) = This is the place where I was born.

so, "where" = "in which"


1 Answer 1


[1] Would you please put the book [where it belongs].

[2] This is the place [where I was born].

[1] is the trickier of the two, so I'll start with [2]

Here, "where" has the locative expression "place" as antecedent, i.e. "where" = "place"; within the relative clause it functions as adjunct of place. We can represent [2] as this is x; I was born in x: the "in" component is contributed by "where" together with its spatial function, with the antecedent determining the value of x.

[1] is more complex in that the locative antecedent this time is not an adjunct but a complement of "put" and secondly this is a 'fused' relative construction.

Here, the fusion entails the antecedent and the complement are combined or 'fused' into the single word "where". The variables can be represented as put the book in x; it belongs in x, where x means "some place"


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