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I am learning how to change Active Voice to Passive Voice.

Consider the following:

He pleases everybody

Everybody is pleased by him/Everybody is pleased with him. 

Your behavior surprises me.

I am surprised by your behavior/ I am surprised at your behavior.

In both example I think the latter one is correct. So how will I know whether by is correct or some other preposition is to be used.

I mean does it depend on the context and verb?

Please clarify>

  • 1
    Passives typically have by phrases. The others are not passives. – BillJ Apr 1 at 11:43
  • @BillJ: Isn't the passive voice defined by the use of "to be (conjugated) + pastParticipleOfOtherVerb"? I think they are all passive voice, even without using "by". – virolino Apr 1 at 12:52
  • @virolino Yes, but the subject of the active appears in the passive as the complement of the preposition by , not "with". "Everybody is pleased with him", "pleased" is not a past participle, but an adjective, c.f. "Everybody is very pleased with him". – BillJ Apr 1 at 13:34
  • What about "It was made with a hammer"? "I was very made" - definitely sounds non-English. – virolino Apr 1 at 13:38

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