What does

X partially includes Y.


  1. X includes parts of Y, but not all of it.

  2. X includes all of Y, and even more.

  3. Depending on the context, either could be possible.

  • Please don't use X and Y, but use the actual words or examples. – James K Apr 16 at 11:26

X includes here Y in some incomplete form (parts, pieces, some area, etc.) Case '2' would be true with the similar-looking word 'particularly' (X includes Y and something else).


X partially includes Y.

always means:

  1. X includes parts of Y, but not all of it.

Additionally, X can include / contain other stuff, not related to Y.

It becomes even more obvious is we re-phrase it to the passive voice:

Y is partially included in X.

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