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In an exercise I had to find how the participle was used in sentences.

One of the sentence was--

The traveller, being weary, sat by the wood side to rest.

Its answer was

being - present participle, Absolute phrase.

Why it is an absolute phrase I don't understand.

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An absolute phrase is a phrase that modifies/describes a noun within the sentence but is not connected to the rest of the sentence by a conjunction.

In your example, being wary describes the traveler and does not use a conjunction (because, and, so, but, yet . . .).

There are two verbs in your sentence. The main verb is sat (to sit, past tense). The second verb is being (to be, present tense) and it is part of the phrase that describes the traveler, not saying what the traveler is doing.

Contrast this with:

The traveler was weary.

The traveler sat by the wood side to rest because she was weary.

In these examples, the verb to be is functioning as the main verb or is more strongly joined to the rest of the sentence through the conjunction because.

  • Is the same case is with The children coming home from school look in at the open door ? – Kshitij Singh Apr 20 at 19:53
  • @Ksh You are asking if there is an absolute phrase in the sentence "The children, coming home from school, look at the open door?" There is 🙂 – rpeinhardt Apr 21 at 3:55

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