My father never approved _____ a foreigner.

  a. her to marry
 b. her marrying
 c. she marrying
 d. she not marry

Please answer the question with an explanation.

  • 1
    Is this a homework question?
    – BillJ
    Apr 29, 2019 at 6:36
  • No Sir, It is competitive exam's previous year question.
    – Rokibul Islam Rumee
    Apr 29, 2019 at 6:38
  • It's complicated because in addition to the variants here, you can have "approved her marrying" and "approved of her marrying", etc, with slightly different meanings: "approved of" suggests a more general attitude while "approved" suggests an explicit giving of approval.
    – Stuart F
    May 25, 2023 at 13:19

1 Answer 1


Either a or b work grammatically, but b is the most idiomatic and seems correct:

My father never approved her marrying a foreigner.

"Her marrying" is the action of her getting married. It is this that the father did not approve of.

Although "My father never approved her to marry a foreigner" makes grammatical sense, it sounds like the father had to give some kind of formal approval for his daughter to marry a foreigner, which is clearly not the case if she married a foreigner anyway.

To be really fussy, I would prefer if it said "my father never approved of her marrying a foreigner", but evidently that is not an option for you.

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