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I want to know whether the following sentence is complex or compound.

We must not be late, else we will miss the train.

  • Why do you want to know this? What have you done to answer this question yourself – James K May 4 at 11:44
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If I had to pick one or the other, I'd say it's a complex sentence since the two parts of the sentence are not truly independent of each other. The second part is offered as a hypothetical consequence of the first part.

However, it could easily be restructured as a compound sentence:

We must not be late, as we don't want to miss the train.

This expresses two related but separate thoughts.

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