What is the correct use of pronoun with each/every/each of
Each of the boys has/have brought his/their pen.
Each boy has/have brought his/their pen.
Please explain which is correct pronoun here, his or their
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I would say in this particular example where we're talking about
boys, in both cases,
eachis singular and therefore
However, today, in situations where (1) gender is unknown, (2) the group comprise both genders, or (3) there are gender-fluid individuals in the group, it has become more normal to adopt the gender-neutral
their (and correspondingly
have) instead of
Each student should hand in their homework on time.
Each and every employee is expected to submit their punch card.
Assuming the male gender as representative of everyone can at best be deemed an outdated notion from a bygone era, and at worst insensitive and offensive. Of course, we could say
his or her but that sounds a little clumsy compared to
That said, in the original example, if it's fairly certain that the 'boys' do not have anyone who is gender-fluid in the group, we really should stick to
"Each" requires a singular. Therefore the following are correct:
Each of the boys has brought his pen.
Each boy has brought his pen.