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When finished with digging out ancient objects, archaeologists must interpret what they have found.

What kind of reduction is in my example?

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    There's no reduction. The non-finite clause "finished with digging out ancient objects" has no overt subject, like most non-finite clauses, but that's normal and not a case of reduction. – BillJ May 13 '19 at 16:49
  • Thank you for help ,Bill :) – mustafa atmaca May 13 '19 at 16:55
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I would say this is a case of elision, the implied full sentence being:

When [they are] finished with digging out ancient objects, archaeologists must interpret what they have found.

the implied subject thus being "archaeologists", via an implied pronoun. I would not call this reduction, because the implied words were not part of a relative clause.

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