When one refers to more than one indexed objects, should the leading noun (that is applied to every one of the objects) be singular or plural?
For example, which is correct?
Cases 1 or 2
Case 1 or 2
Note that in 1 "cases" is plural" and in 2 "case" is singular. The intended meaning is "case 1 or case 2" - any of the two cases.
(One may replace "case" with "theorem", "lemma", "assumption", etc., or "lot", "room", "level", "unit" ...)
What principle do we invoke here?
Note: The question is about the consistency between noun and index, not subject-verb agreement. In fact, the phrase here does not necessarily serve as the subject in a sentence; it can equally serve as the object or another part of speech. When it does serve as the subject, then the verb must agree with the form of noun chosen for it.