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Can someone help me grammatically analyze (what is the object,subject,verb etc.) the following two sentences

  • Suddenly she realized that the brakes weren't working.
  • Unfortunately, since his wife's death his teenage daughter had become extremely difficult.

I know Suddenly and Unfortunately are adverbs of time and opinion, but the rest I am having difficulty with.

  • Suddenly is just an "ordinary" adverb in your first example - it modifies the verb realized, which it could just as well have been placed immediately before or after. In the second example, unfortunately is a "sentence adverb" (it modifies the entirety of the rest of the utterance). – FumbleFingers Jun 3 at 12:35
  • ...It might help to imagine how the meanings would change if you swapped those two adverb between the example sentences; the same "verb / sentence" scope distinction would still apply in exactly the same way. Unfortunately she realized that the brakes weren't working implies the writer didn't want her to notice the brake failure, for some reason. And Suddenly since his wife's death his teenage daughter had become extremely difficult. is awkward phrasing, but the meaning would be that the daughter suddenly became difficult. – FumbleFingers Jun 3 at 12:39
  • @FumbleFingers thanks - but I was more curious as to what the subject of these two sentences are, what the object is and what the verbs are..... – 3kstc Jun 3 at 23:26
  • 1: She realized something, 2: his daughter became something. The primary verbs immediately follow those highlighted subjects, but I'm not sure how useful it is to look for "objects" in these examples. There might be things like "dependent clauses" involved here, but I have little interest in this kind of "naming of the parts" (which is why I'm only commenting, not posting an actual Answer). – FumbleFingers Jun 4 at 12:53
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    ...my only interest here is in pointing out the difference in "scope" for "sentence adverbs" as opposed to the more common examples where an adverb clearly modifies a specific verb in an utterance. – FumbleFingers Jun 4 at 12:55

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