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Can I use to instead of by in this passive sentence?

It has been known to him.

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Yes, 'known' often uses 'to', although it may also use 'by':

These facts are already known to the investigators.
These facts are already known by the investigators.

This is a peculiarity of 'know'. I haven't found any other verb that allows a similar passive construction with 'to'.

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    The one with to isn't a passive construction, as far as I can see - in that version, known is an adjective. There are lots of other adjectives that work the same way, e.g. the story was familiar to him.
    – user96060
    Jun 9, 2019 at 11:23
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    I would argue that known to is using known as an adjective, not a passive verb.
    – Colin Fine
    Jun 9, 2019 at 11:23
  • The answer to the question is yes. known + to the investigators. And yes, an adjective, not a passive verb.
    – Lambie
    Mar 19, 2021 at 16:33

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