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I know that when we paraphrase, we typically paraphrase the whole sentence. After that, we integrate the paraphrased information into our paragraph as a separate sentence.

My question is: Can we make the integrated information part of the sentence in the paragraph?

  • Although some people think that learning English takes 6 months, some experts proved that one needs seven-eight years to be become fluent (in-text citation).
  • I want to know:

1) is it possible to integrate information into a part of a sentence?

2) how can I signify the reader that the bold part of the sentence is integrated, and the first part is mine?

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Yes, this is actually quite common in a wide variety of contexts. A citation indicates the external source for a direct quote or paraphrase.

Throughout the first half of the novel, Strether has grown increasingly open and at ease in Europe (Henry James, "The Ambassadors", pp 34-40); this quotation demonstrates openness and ease.

Alternately a footnote can be used for the same purpose. Footnotes help keep the text free from too much external clutter:

Throughout the first half of the novel, Strether has grown increasingly open and at ease in Europe¹; this quotation demonstrates openness and ease.

and in the footnote:

  1. Henry James, The Ambassadors, pp 34-40.

Wikipedia uses this format in their articles, with the footnotes at the bottom of the article. However, an alternate method with hypertext documents like websites, is to include a link to the external source in the relevant text:

Throughout the first half of the novel, Strether has grown increasingly open and at ease in Europe; this quotation demonstrates openness and ease.

The exact style you should use depends on the context. Most professional publications have style guides with explicit instructions how to cite external sources. Other sites are less restrictive, and it may be a good idea follow what the most common style of other users.

  • Your first example works best for me since I am using APA style. The second example with the footnote method is likely used with MLA style (correct me if wrong). – Bavyan Yaldo Jun 18 '19 at 21:57
  • @BavyanYaldo Yes, there are a couple of ways to do APA citations, one of which is the parenthetical citation. Be sure to use the exact format required. – Andrew Jun 18 '19 at 23:08

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