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  1. Car were drowned by water (actually in the water).
  2. Car drowned in water.

Sentence 1 is passive, if I use 'by' then water acting as an agent but where the car drowned? 'In the water' is not mentioned.

Should I say in passive like "Car is drowned by water in water".

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    Cars cannot drown. Only living creatures can drown (die) by being submerged in water. Also your sentence lacks articles, and you seem unsure about singular and plural. The cars were submerged in (or covered by) water. The car was submerged in water. – Michael Harvey Jun 29 at 8:59
  • Okay I got you. – Rocky Jun 29 at 10:41
  • Are you asking about passive versus active voice of drowned? Could be a duplicate of ell.stackexchange.com/questions/139256/… ? – Sam Jun 29 at 12:12
  • The car has been submerged by the water (but actually it has to be in the water) should I say 'the car has been submerged by the water in the water'? – Rocky Jun 29 at 17:23
  • You really need to change your example. Not only can cars not drown (as already said), but water cannot really be the active cause of drowning. While one person can drown another (the verb can also be intransitive, where one person simply does drown), water can't be an active agent of the drowning. People drown in water (or some other liquid), but they are never drowned by water. To say the water drowned me is understandable, but also somewhat nonsensical. That would just be taken as I drowned in water or simply I drowned. – Jason Bassford Supports Monica Jun 29 at 17:45

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