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In this example, is there any difference between these two words? Which one should be used, and why?

I enjoyed the trip very much; however, my roommate did not.
I enjoyed the trip very much; still, my roommate did not.

I had planned to drive to Mexico; however, my car is too old.
I had planned to drive to Mexico; nevertheless, my car is too old.

And can I move one of these words to the beginning of the sentence?

However, my car is too old; I had planned to drive to Mexico.
I had planned to drive to Mexico; however, my car is too old.

So, considering what have been said, would anybody tell me which one and why?

  • 1
    Which do you think is right, and why? Why did you choose these words as options? Tell us a little more about what you're thinking, please, so we can tailor our answers to the source of the confusion. – WendiKidd Apr 19 '14 at 16:29
  • I have found the at the followings: The book Communicate What You Mean, plus Dictionaries. I am now so confused that I cannot even think how to explain any further – nima Apr 19 '14 at 16:53
  • A dictionary gave you one of the above sentences, with a choice between however and nevertheless? Can you tell us which dictionary so we can look it up ourselves? – WendiKidd Apr 19 '14 at 16:59
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I enjoyed the trip very much; however, my roommate did not. - YES

I enjoyed the trip very much; still, my roommate did not. - NO

I had planned to drive to Mexico; however, my car is too old. - YES

I had planned to drive to Mexico; nevertheless, my car is too old. - NO

However, my car is too old; I had planned to drive to Mexico. - NO

Still/Nevertheless always indicates some sort of surprise. However can indicate either surprise or be used simply for contrast. Consider:

Jane lived in Tokyo for ten years; nevertheless, she can't speak any Japanese. - YES (SURPRISE)

Jane lived in Tokyo for ten years; however, she can't speak any Japanese. - YES (SURPRISE)

Hiro lives in Japan. His girlfriend, nevertheless, lives in Taiwan. - NO (NEED CONTRAST, ONLY GIVES SURPRISE)

Hiro lives in Japan. His girlfriend, however, lives in Taiwan. - YES (CONTRAST)

You can find more information at http://www.connect2esl.com/main/activities/however_nevertheless1.htm.

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However introduces a simple contradictory statement and can usually be substituted with but:

The blue ones taste good, however [but] the red ones do not.

Still introduces a contradictory statement in the face of contrary evidence and can usually be substituted with even so:

The same company makes the blue ones and the red ones from the same recipe, still, I don't like the red ones.

Note that in many cases one word can be exchanged for another in a sentence, but the resulting sentence may convey a slightly different meaning.

The blue ones taste good, still, the red ones do not.

This now means, that even though the blue ones taste good the red ones don't;

Still is often used when you are disagreeing with someone who has presented an argument for their position. You are essentially saying, Even given your arguments I still don't agree with you.

"You should come to the party. Joe will be there."
"Still," [you are considering the fact that Joe will be there] "I don't think I'll be going." [ You have decided against attending even though Joe will be there.]

In your example using however:

I enjoyed the trip, however my roommate did not.

you are simply stating two facts: you liked it, your roommate did not.

If you use still:

I enjoyed the trip, still, my roommate did not.

you are now saying, even though I liked it, my roommate did not.

You are now saying that your liking the trip could have had an influence on whether your roommate liked it too, but it didn't.

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