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Why did the writer use the word "particular" in this definition of government that has taken from the Oxford dictionary?

"a particular system or method of controlling a country".

Can we say "a system or method of controlling a country" instead of that?

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Yes, you can say "a system or method of controlling a country" instead.

The reason the dictionary uses the word 'particular' is to emphasize the idea that each system of controlling a country is separate and distinct from each other system of controlling a country. There is not just one kind of system for doing this. There are many. Any government you describe is just one of many kinds of systems or methods of controlling a country.

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Example:

A government is a particular system or method of controlling a country.

Communism is a system or method of controlling a country.

Put another way, communism would be a "particular" method of governing a country, and this is probably the reason why the writer chose to use the word particular. A government is the general idea of a system that controls a country. Communism, for example, is one particular form of government.

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