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I read this definition of "desk dictionary":

an abridged dictionary of a size convenient to hold in the hand.

I think it should be clear from the name itself that it is a type of dictionary which is supposed to be read on a desk and therefore be heavy. So how can it be abridged? And if I was referring to an unabridged dictionary with it, would I be wrong?

  • I have sometimes observed a very large dictionary resting on a lectern, or on a stand meant to be placed on top of a desk or table in order to be used like a lectern. I certainly would not want such a thing on my desk at work; I would be unable to use the desk as a desk. – David K Jul 4 at 2:30
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This is an image of what an unabridged dictionary looks like:

enter image description here

These kind of dictionaries are large and heavy enough to be used to break down medieval city walls. They can't be held in one hand -- they can barely be lifted with two. You normally find the print editions of these only in libraries and other institutions that house large reference tomes, and usually kept on special lecterns to make them easier to find and peruse.

With regard to your question, the "desk" in "desk dictionary" is misleading. You might think it implies:

Something which fits naturally on a normal sized-desk

when actually the meaning is more like:

something the average person might keep on their desk.

In other words a "desk dictionary" is of a size that is convenient to keep around your home. It's necessarily abridged to keep it relatively small, such as this, my Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary from 1979 (and which I probably haven't opened for 20 years):

enter image description here

Small enough to pick up with one hand; small enough to keep conveniently on a desktop or bookshelf. Of course, nowadays my cell phone has access to complete, unabridged dictionaries, so this print edition is just a memento.

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    Great answer! I'd like to add one footnote: your first picture is actually a relatively small unabridged dictionary. Others, like the OED, are a multi-volume set. – J.R. Jul 3 at 20:44
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    Even the Shorter OED is two substantial volumes (certainly each too big for one-handed use). – Toby Speight Jul 4 at 7:46
  • @J.R. Yes, thank you. It's the largest one I found with a quick Google search, but that shouldn't imply it's the largest in existence, or even completely unabridged. I recall the one in my university library being at least two feet square, and perhaps a foot thick. – Andrew Jul 4 at 15:55
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The dictionary installed on my computer defines a "desk dictionary" as "a one-volume dictionary of medium size." The idea is not that it's so large or heavy that it requires a desk, but that it's compact enough to be kept at one's desk and consulted as necessary, in contradistinction to a large (possibly multi-volume) unabridged dictionary that needs its own stand or bookshelf.

(And yes, if you used the term "desk dictionary" in reference to an unabridged dictionary, you would almost certainly be misusing the term – unless someone has published an unabridged desk dictionary with very, very small print!)

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    Yes. Convenient for an office worker to have on the desk along with phone, computer, notepad, etc. – Michael Harvey Jul 3 at 17:26
  • @MichaelHarvey I don't think anybody would think a five-hundred-pound, four-foot-square desk dictionary would be a good idea. ;) – Jason Bassford Supports Monica Jul 3 at 17:29
  • My parents own the 'compact' unabridged OED - even printed in very tiny print (9 pages to a page) and sold with an included magnifying glass, it's far too big and heavy to be considered a desk dictionary – etmuse Jul 4 at 9:33
  • @etmuse, I once had a professor who had one of those. He regarded it as a quintessentially British artifact, in that it would have been completely ridiculous if it hadn't been so utterly brilliant. I opted for the "New Shorter OED" instead and have always regretted my choice. – Nanigashi Jul 7 at 23:04
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From Wikipedia:

Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary is a large American dictionary, first published in 1966 as The Random House Dictionary of the English Language: The Unabridged Edition. Edited by Jess Stein, it contained 315,000 entries in 2256 pages, as well as 2400 illustrations.

In contrast, I have the Random House Collegiate dictionary at my desk. Amazon lists this at about 1600 pages, with dimensions of 7.3 x 2.2 x 9.7 inches, and it weighs less than 4 pounds (less the 2 kg).

You can also buy an unabridged dictionary on Amazon; it is 2500 pages with dimensions of 10 x 3.8 x 14.8 inches, and it weighs over 11 pounds (about 5 kg).

I would think that the collegiate version dictionary is about the biggest dictionary that could accurately be labeled as a "desk dictionary." And you should never claim a dictionary is "unabridged" unless the publisher is also making this claim.

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