The books available for borrowing in this library do not interest us.

Is the sentence above a reduced relative clause?

Can "which were" be understood to be between books and available?


1 Answer 1


The books [available for borrowing in this library] do not interest us.

No, the bracketed element is not a reduced relative clause; in fact it's not a clause at all but an adjective phrase modifying "books".

It can be converted to a relative clause by the addition of "that are", as in:

The books [that are available for borrowing in this library] do not interest us.

The ill-named 'reduced' relative clauses are non-finites, as in:

Students [living on campus] must respect the midnight curfew.

  • Thank you .For your example sentence, is "Students living on campus..." the equivalent of " Students who live on campus..." ?
    – Fionna
    Jul 8, 2019 at 13:03
  • 1
    Yes, it is. But I would avoid the term 'reduced relative clause' for the former, since there is no possibility of it containing a relative phrase. We cant say "Students who living on campus".
    – BillJ
    Jul 8, 2019 at 14:10

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