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1)who does go there now-a-days?

2)who goes there now-a-days?

My book said sentence 1 is incorrect while sentence 2 is correct can anyone please explain this.

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(I think the term for this is an intransive verb, but I am not an academic English learner, so don't take my word for that—I'm sure others' comments will confirm.)

From a speaker's (as opposed to a learner's) perspective, you wouldn't say "I do going to the cinema"[1], to describe an activity that you do regularly; you say "I go to the cinema". In that same way, in normal speech, you wouldn't say "Who does go there?".

Note that I say in normal speech. Confusingly, there are occasions where it is appropriate to say "Who does go there?"—particularly in casual speech, but these are usually when the speaker is emphasising/reinforcing something that is obvious/commonplace to the them, that should also be obvious/commonplace to the person they are speaking to.

Consider a conversation between Alice and Bob:

Alice: I don't go to the cinema, any more.

Bob: Who does go there now-a-days?

Alice is simply telling Bob that she no longer goes to the cinema. Bob is agreeing with Alice and reinforcing this by suggesting that no-one goes to the cinema any more (at least, in Bob's mind). Note that Bob is not saying this literally, he is just stating his opinion that it is no longer seems to be a common activity.


[1] In far more casual conversation, someone might say "I do going to the cinema" but, for that person, going to the cinema is probably their favourite hobby, and they are deliberately subverting the common convention to imply how seriously they take it (i.e. very).

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