1

The war between Iran and Iraq lasted under a decade and caused a great deal of bloodshed.

Is this under usage equal to by, some, nearly ... etc, or throughout, through ... etc, or else none of them ?

2

I believe you are asking the specific meaning of "under" in the first sentence. In context, it means "less than". As used it is not very specific, so it could be 1 day less than a decade or 3 years less.

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.