I am trying to find the right words for the sentences.
(1) The book ____ "Suffering has been stronger than all other teaching".
(2) Charles Dickens writes/wrote in his book: "Suffering has been stronger than all other teaching".
(1) The quote is just an example; I want to know how to refer to exact words written in the book, and I need to explicitly quote them as above.
Obviously, "says" fits here. But I am looking for a word whose meaning is closer to "write".
(2) I am curious whether to use the present or the past tense. Does it matter whether the author is still alive?