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Usually, the resumptive modifier works as follows:

Life is all about moments, moments that record achievements, moments that record time with family.

I wonder what is the grammatical function of the italicized parts. Apposition?

The more important question is if the following grammatical?

Life is all about moments, some moments that record achievements, but many more moments that record time with family.

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    The "function" of the italicized words is simply that of words in general when used to construct sentences. Perhaps what you should be asking about is the function of the deleted words whereby three statements have been collapsed into a single utterance with repeated elements discarded: Life is all about moments. Life is all about moments that record achievements. Life is all about moments that record time with family. As a stylistic alternative to Life is all about moments that record achievements and time with family. – FumbleFingers Aug 8 at 16:13
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    Well, one "not-so-rare" exception to the traditional definition of "sentence" is when an utterance is made within the context of a conversation that supplies contextually relevant nouns / verbs / etc. that aren't necessarily explicitly repeated - even though strict grammar might require them for a "syntactically valid stand-alone utterance". – FumbleFingers Aug 8 at 16:36
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    Haha - I was specifically thinking about your second example when I wrote that. But looking at it again, I think I'd say exactly the same about the first one anyway! But I really wouldn't have a strong preference for any one orthography over another here. And it really is only "orthography" - none of it reflects anything about real [spoken] language. Only real language has grammar; the written attempt to represent real language just has orthographic conventions, imho. – FumbleFingers Aug 8 at 17:05
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    The second sentence seems entirely natural to me. In fact, the first sentence does not. I don't like the second comma or lack of a conjunction at the end of the first sentence. (If that second comma were replaced by and, I'd be fine with it.) And, yes, I would call it apposition. (Particularly, if it's "fixed.") It is clarifying a noun. – Jason Bassford Aug 8 at 22:30
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    @TomBennett I have exactly the same comment about that sentence. – Jason Bassford Aug 9 at 2:32

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