I can easily find out which word that is stressed in a sentence if it's (1) both said clearly, loudly and said in the highest pitch range of that sentence. But in some cases, the speaker just (2) says quickly one word in the highest pitch, and says another one clearer, slightly slower and louder. So if the the first case (1) is not mentioned, then...

Which one - (2) saying clearly, slightly slowly and loudly or saying quickly in the highest pitch range of a sentence - is a natural way to emphasize a word in a sentence?

To understand what I'm talking about the second case (2), the below examples show you features of the second case (2)

i. THINK him in the BAND ("think" is higher in pitcher than "band", but "band" is clearer and more powerful than "think". > If someone wants to say that both "think" and "band" are stressed, then why does "band" only sound powerful but it's not in higher pitch than "think"?)

ii. STARTED it off in ASIA (Same problem and same question with the iv)

iii. don't even know ("know" is drawled longer and sounds clearer than "don't even", but "don't ev..." is in higher pitches than "know"

iv. absolutely gorgeous ("absolutely" is in higher pitch than "gorgeous", but it sounds less powerful than "gorgeous")

  • You seem to be talking about prosodic stress - specifically, the "subclass" thereof described in that linked Wikipedia article as used pragmatically to emphasize (focus attention on) particular words or the ideas associated with them (which as they say there is normally transcribed as italics in printed text or underlining in handwriting). In English, such stress primarily involves syllables being longer and/or louder - pitch changes aren't normally even present, let alone required, noticed, or significant. – FumbleFingers Reinstate Monica Aug 23 '19 at 12:29
  • Here's an interesting observation. We tend to assume that if pitch changes at all in the context of a stressed term, higher stress (primarily, longer / louder) might be reflected / amplified by higher pitch. But as someone points out in that linked Reddit thread, There are some interesting variations. In the Birmingham English accent, stress is indicated by a drop in pitch along with a longer, louder syllable. – FumbleFingers Reinstate Monica Aug 23 '19 at 12:38

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