recommended , suggests, mandatory Is the department obligated to reassess within the limited time?
or is it just a suggestion? & the department can reassess anytime after that recommended time frame. even if the reassessment is after 6 ;years of the time
Unfortunately due to comments I have had to add more and more technical detail, So to summarise before presenting my Answer.
The question references an appellant. The decision has therefore been made and appealed against and upheld. So there is no doubt about the decision. A tribunal is not a court but is a legal institution so the definition of Recommended is the legal one. LEGAL DICTIONARY It is also worth noting that in some Tribunals recommendations can only be made in favour of the claimant. So we are looking at the "Dept" as the receiver of the recommendation, which is the way it reads. The inclusion of a time limit suggests the Recommendation is binding or time limit would not be needed.
Example A memorandum of appeal shall be presented in the Form annexed to these rules by the Appellant
Obviously we have not been given all the facts.
According to C.E.D. the meaning of recommended; suggested an action that should be done:
So yes in a grammatical sense this needs to be complied with especially as it has been decided by a Tribunal
Legal; Recommendation Definition: Legal Dictionary
Advice or counsel which although presented as such, the recipient is free to take or leave, or which may be binding in the context.
In this case "The tribunal recommends that the dept reassesses the appellant within 18 months" must be the second legal definition " binding in the context" or the application of a time limit would be superfluous
To put a little more strongly and in layman's terms. You would have to be either very arrogant, ignorant or stupid to not comply with a Tribunal's recommendation. Especially after an appeal.
You will probably find it irrelevant anyway as most Tribunal recommendations usually end up in statute. It is interesting to read the EU's definition of Recommendations.
recommendation Free Legal a form of Act of the EUROPEAN UNION that has no binding force. It has been held that recommendations should still be taken into account by the national courts, especially if the recommendation assists with interpretation of some European law. Nonetheless, it is not possible to have them reviewed nor to seek a preliminary ruling upon them.
So here we have a recommendation that initially seems to have no power. However, it is fact extremely powerful. Courts should comply with the recommendation and the recommendation has no process of review or interpretation.
However as stated earlier these comments are made without context.
recommended Cambridge English Dictionary adjective suggested as being good or suitable for a particular job or purpose, or suggested as an action that should be done:
tribunal noun Cambridge English Dictionary a special court or group of people who are officially chosen, especially by the government, to examine (legal) problems of a particular type: