I read this expression in Sherlock Holmes: A Study in Scarlet. The chapter is about a man and his adopted daughter both are living amongst Mormons.
“It was a warm June morning, and…[d]own the dusty highroads defiled long streams of heavily laden mules, all heading for the west, for the gold fever had broken out in California, and the overland route lay through the city of the Elect.”
In the link below the author discusses the historical accuracy of the novel and again mentions about the same city (Beginning from the last line of page #31).
There were westward travelers through the City of the Elect, but they were silver miners headed for Nevada—the Comstock Lode had been discovered in February, 1859.
It seems the author knows this city too but my Google search haven't furnished me with a good answer to my question. Is it the real name of a city? If not what does this refer to?
As a side question how should I interpret the sentence I quoted from the book?
Option 1: ... all heading for the west for the gold fever had broken out in California and they will firstly reach the overland route lay through the city of the Elect and will travel to California via this route
Option 2: ... all heading for the west for the gold fever had broken in California and the gold fever had broken in the overland route lay through the city of the Elect