I have to talk about a particular issue (small), but I can't seem to be able to hit the mark.

I need to paraphrase/rephrase this sentence:

Higher unemployment rates do not necessarily translate into longer durations of unemployment. - Author (2011)

Here, "translate" means "to decide that words, behaviour, or actions mean a particular thing" (Cambridge).

This is my attempt at paraphrasing/rephrasing:

Author (2011) argues that higher unemployment rates are not necessarily indicative of longer durations of unemployment.


Author (2011) argues that higher rates of unemployment do not necessarily suggest that workers will experience long spells of unemployment.

As you can see, it is rather a poor attempt to rephrase the original. I can't find a word that is close to "translate" with that particular meaning.

  • Actually translate into also means to result in. See merriam-webster.com/dictionary/translate, intransitive verb 3. Are you sure the one in your sentence is not used in this way?
    – trisct
    Commented Sep 5, 2019 at 6:40
  • Yes that's the same as meaning as the one I mentioned, just worded differently.
    – AIQ
    Commented Sep 5, 2019 at 6:45
  • This site is not intended as a resource to learn how to cleverly plagiarize without being caught. But since you've cited your source, why bother paraphrasing in the first place? Simply provide the original wording within quotation marks. Author (2011) argues that "higher unemployment rates do not necessarily translate into longer periods of unemployment." If you want to paraphrase, especially because you've cited a source, you don't do so on a word-by-word basis. A paraphrase is a general restatement or summary; it's not exact. To be exact, simply quote. Commented Sep 5, 2019 at 9:06
  • @JasonBassford Hi Jason, it was not my intention at all to seek ways to cleverly plagiarize. The way I wrote the question might give that idea, I will edit my question/post so that is not in the discussion.
    – AIQ
    Commented Sep 5, 2019 at 18:49
  • My advice is to avoid putting duration in the plural.
    – Lambie
    Commented Sep 5, 2019 at 19:57

2 Answers 2


I don't think your original attempts are that bad. They both preserve what is meant by the original sentence.

If you are looking for a phrase to replace translate into, check the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus entry for translate (into).

If you are paraphrasing to avoid plagiarism, I'd suggest make more changes than only replacing translate, for example, you can reverse the sentence to say that B is not a necessary consequence of A.


The word interpret can be used in place of translate.

Interpret: (Cambridge Dictionary)

(Find meaning) to describe the meaning of something; examine in order  to explain.


(Change language) to change what someone is saying into the words of another language; translate.

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