the indefinite article

the gerund

the past participle

I've always thought that 'the' is placed when you're talking about something specific. But I see people usually say with 'the' even though you're discussing something general, such as

In English grammar, the past participle refers to an action that was started and completed entirely in the past.

Why is that so?

  • 2
    "The tiger is found in India". That is a specific kind of creature, not a specific tiger. – Weather Vane Sep 20 '19 at 19:04
  • 2
    The past participle is a specific element of English grammar. – Edward Barnard Sep 20 '19 at 20:51
  • @WeatherVane What about "in the past"? – MiniMax Sep 20 '19 at 23:23
  • My question can be useful for you. It has some information about this topic. – MiniMax Sep 20 '19 at 23:29

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