I'm new learner and often confused with countable nouns.
Is there any way that I can know whether a noun is a countable noun?
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Although there are some rules to tell whether a noun is countable or uncountable, it is not easy to differentiate because what are countable in our mother-tongue may be uncountable in English and vice versa.
But some tricks may help you
Book is countable because you can use its plural books
Rice is uncountable because you can not say rices
Gold is uncountable because you can not say golds
But the problem in English is:
Headache is countable and soap is uncountable.
suggestion is countable but advice is uncountable
So it is beter to buy a good grammar book which deals with different types of nouns and which explains countable or uncountable nouns in detail.
You have to read grammar regularly and systematically.
Most dictionaries indicate whether a particular noun is count or non-count.
As a general rule we can say that count nouns denote entities that can be counted, while non-count nouns denote entities that cannot be counted.
A simple test for count nouns is the ability to combine with the cardinal numbers one, two, three, etc.:
"one plate" ~ "two plates" ~ "three plates" [count]
*"one crockery" ~ *"two crockeries" ~ *"three crockeries" [non-count]
The last three are ungrammatical since "crockery" is non-count and hence cannot combine with cardinal numbers.