Example 1:

The weather is hot, isn't it?


The weather is hot, is it not?

Example 2:

Aren't you going to study tonight?


Are you not going to study tonight?

Apart from convenience in pronuncation, how do the above versions differ (contraction vs. full form)?


The noun subjects in your example full-form sentences are in the wrong location. A native English speaker would never say "is not it?", but rather "is it not?". The same goes for example 2 where the correct form would be "Are you not...."

The corrected subject-verb full-form versions can be a little awkward (when placed at the end of a sentence, this phrase structure feels particularly old fashioned), but they aren't wrong. I wouldn't even think twice if someone said "Are you not going to ____?" Meaning wise, there's no difference between your examples with and without the contractions.


They may not differ in meaning.

The last sentence should be:

Are you not going to study to night?

The question tags are usually contractions.

In speech we say Aren' t you going instead of Are you not going?

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