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Example 1:

The weather is hot, isn't it?

vs.:

The weather is hot, is it not?

Example 2:

Aren't you going to study tonight?

vs.:

Are you not going to study tonight?

Apart from convenience in pronuncation, how do the above versions differ (contraction vs. full form)?

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The noun subjects in your example full-form sentences are in the wrong location. A native English speaker would never say "is not it?", but rather "is it not?". The same goes for example 2 where the correct form would be "Are you not...."

The corrected subject-verb full-form versions can be a little awkward (when placed at the end of a sentence, this phrase structure feels particularly old fashioned), but they aren't wrong. I wouldn't even think twice if someone said "Are you not going to ____?" Meaning wise, there's no difference between your examples with and without the contractions.

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They may not differ in meaning.

The last sentence should be:

Are you not going to study to night?

The question tags are usually contractions.

In speech we say Aren' t you going instead of Are you not going?

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