(ii) execute a non-electronic hard copy of this Agreement. (http://overwatchmedia.com/terms-and-conditions)

What does "execute a non-electronic hard copy" mean? Does this mean "to copy this Agreement in non-electronic way", which means to print out this Agreement? I couldn't find the meaning about this expression from any dictionaries.

  • 3
    That's probably what it means, but you might want to ask on on Law Stack Exchange, since this is legal English, not standard English.
    – Juhasz
    Commented Sep 25, 2019 at 17:38

1 Answer 1


"Execute" here means:


make (a legal instrument) valid by signing or sealing it.

A "hard copy" is:

a printed version on paper of data held in a computer

So, this is an instruction to print out a paper copy of the "Agreement" and sign it.

  • It's not necessarily a "domain-specific legal" usage. Just the contextually-relevant version of more general to execute [an agreement, decision, plan] - meaning to put something into practice, to make it happen. Commented Sep 25, 2019 at 17:40
  • 1
    I just quoted directly from a dictionary. "To execute" does have a specific legal meaning (note all the precedents etc. cited there) in addition to its other meanings.
    – TypeIA
    Commented Sep 25, 2019 at 17:44
  • Yes, obviously there are genuinely domain-specific legal senses for execute. But to execute a will, for example, is very different from to sign a will. And your legal definition would likely mislead learners who could grasp that difference without knowing anything about law. Commented Sep 25, 2019 at 17:59
  • 1
    execute here does mean to sign it.
    – Lambie
    Commented Sep 25, 2019 at 19:18
  • 2
    @FumbleFingers OP didn't ask about executing a will. The definition I quoted in the answer is precisely the meaning invoked in the question sentence, so I'm not sure what is misleading. We both agree there are other meanings and other readers should feel free to ask about them if they are confused.
    – TypeIA
    Commented Sep 25, 2019 at 20:33

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