1

ㆍ Christ learned respelling of

< ME, OE Crist

< L. Christ(us)

< GK. Christos, the Anointed, trans. of Heb. mashiah (https://www.korean.go.kr/nkview/nklife/2010_1/2010_0106.pdf)

What do 'Me, OE', 'L.', 'GK', 'trans.' mean?

  • 2
    Where is this from? Please give us the source. – AIQ Sep 27 '19 at 5:20
  • I think this would be a better fit for christianity.stackexchange.com. – TypeIA Sep 27 '19 at 5:23
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    Does this Korean document cite the English-language dictionary that it is quoting? If so, have you looked in the dictionary's abbreviations section? My unabridged dictionary has a list of abbreviations on the pages just before the definition of the letter "A", and just after the pronunciation guide. – Jasper Sep 27 '19 at 5:43
  • Latin, Greek, Old English, Middle English, translation of Hebrew? – shin Oct 9 '19 at 8:01
2

These are abbreviations used in dictionary entries. Every dictionary has its own conventions, and in paper dictionaries these are generally spelled out somewhere near the front or back cover. As it happens, in this case the meaning of each abbreviation is fairly clear without such a guide:

  • ME: Middle English
  • OE: Old English
  • L.: Latin
  • GK.: Greek
  • trans.: translation

Historically, these abbreviations were used to save space on paper. Modern electronic dictionaries do sometimes use abbreviations like this, but they tend not to since they don't need to save paper.

The PDF you quoted doesn't give a source for the definition, but I think it's from an older print copy of the Random House Unabridged Dictionary. In its newer electronic edition, the abbreviations are spelled out:

learned respelling of Middle English, Old English Crīst < Latin Chrīstus < Greek chrīstos anointed, translation of Hebrew māshīaḥ anointed, Messiah

One convention which you didn't ask about, and which is not spelled out here, is the use of < (the less-than sign) to represent 'from'. When an etymology says A < B, it means that A comes from B, and you can pronounce it 'from' when you read the etymology aloud.

-1

Maybe... ME, OE mean Modern English, Old English.

L. mean Latin.

GK. mean Greek.

trans. mean transform.

  • 1
    In this context, "trans." is short for "translation". – Jasper Sep 27 '19 at 5:39
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    ME is MIddle English, not Modern English. – Colin Fine Sep 27 '19 at 9:39
  • @dwilli OP answered his own question. – AIQ Sep 28 '19 at 6:22
  • @dwilli I know, I apologize, I did not mean to object or anything. I don't really have a point. It was just a "oh, hey, did you see that?" kind of thing. I just wanted to point that out. – AIQ Sep 28 '19 at 7:41
  • 1
    @AIQ I changed the comment to reflect your input. You made a good point. Thanks. – dwilli Sep 30 '19 at 0:55

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