I know, shall we use only with I and We.
Is it right?
But can I use will with I and We?
Is it true in the USA shall use rarely?


1 Answer 1


Though this seems to be a duplicate, I shall try to explain the difference between the use of shall and will.

As far as the first person is considered there is no difference in modern English with regard to statements whether it is American or the British English.

I shall/ will go is used to talk about colourless future.

you will do it( prediction)

you / he shall do it ( obligation)

Shall I open the door?( seeking permission)

You can not say Will I open the door?( do I have the ability to open the door)

Shall we go for a walk?( suggestion) you should not use will here.

Here is a link which may help you.


  • 1
    If you check the constructions you outlaw (will I open and will we go) on Google Books Ngram Viewer, you will find that they are in common usage and have been for hundreds of years. I suggest to you that while they may not fit old grammar school rules, they are both valid and idiomatic. Oct 11, 2019 at 15:11
  • Ronald Sole. You can find the usage In Raymond Murphy's grammar.They are not wrong but have a different meaning Oct 11, 2019 at 15:15
  • 1
    While I prefer the usages that you commend, I suggest that they are outdated as rules and that you certainly can say them. Google Books Ngram Viewer shows that will I open and shall I open have been used in equal measure since the mid 18th century. books.google.com/ngrams/… Oct 11, 2019 at 15:20
  • I would like to whether Raymond Murphy and Michael Swan are descriptive, modern grammarians or prescriptive and traditional gramarians? Oct 13, 2019 at 4:59

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