Since though quiet in

He is friendly, though quiet.

is non-essential to the whole meaning, it can be described as an adjunct. But what type of adjunct? My guess is that it is an adjectival one, but I am not completely sure because of the role that though plays.

If we consider though quiet to be an adjectival adjunct, then the 'core' of this adjunct must be quiet. Thus though is optional in the sentence, but then it becomes meaningless if we remove it.

Is though quiet an adjectival adjunct? If so, what role does though play in it?

  • "Though" is a preposition with a verbless clause as complement; it's the equivalent of "though he is quiet". The PP functions as a concessive adjunct
    – BillJ
    Commented Oct 11, 2019 at 13:03
  • I can't seem to find a dictionary that lists though as a preposition, only as an adverb or a conjunction. Why is it so?
    – Norbert
    Commented Oct 11, 2019 at 13:06
  • 1
    Some dictionaries do give this use of "though" as a conjunction while other more modern ones give it as a prep, see here "link.
    – BillJ
    Commented Oct 11, 2019 at 13:13
  • Though cannot be optional. If you remove it, the sentence becomes ungrammatical: ✘ He is friendly, quiet. Commented Oct 12, 2019 at 20:58

2 Answers 2


He is friendly, though quiet.

I take "though" to be a preposition with "quiet" as a verbless clause serving as complement of "though".

For those who take "though" as a conjunction it is a subordinating one and "though quiet" is a verbless clause.

In both analyses, "though quiet" is a concessive adjunct.


I think this is a complex sentence.

He is friendly, though(he is) quiet.

He is friendly is the main clause and though he is quiet is the subordinate clause.Though is a subordinate conjunction

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