Sometimes, I make a sentence whose subject can represent something of the past and something that still exists today. Which tense should I use for the helping verb? For instance: Any cellphone which (is/was) released between 2012 and the present year has this "mute" feature.


The time phrase in your sentence "between 2012 and the current year" clearly refers to a point in time in the past. So a past tense must be used.

Your sentence uses a passive construction which may be confusing you. Consider:

Apple releases/released the iphone-x between 2016 and the current year.

You should decide that the correct tense to use is "released".

  • What if I also refer to the apple mobiles that are still released regularly in the current year? – Fadli Sheikh Oct 12 '19 at 7:11
  • Same. I've edited to speak of the iphonex, which I think is the current one. (I'm not really into apple) – James K Oct 12 '19 at 7:13
  • But, bro, I still refer to the phones that Iphone still releases regularly in the current year. Are you saying that I should still use the past in this case? – Fadli Sheikh Oct 12 '19 at 7:16
  • Please don't call me "bro". The release date of a phone is a single day. Even if it was last month or last week, or even yesterday, it is still in the past. – James K Oct 12 '19 at 7:23
  • So sorry, then. I am Indonesian. Sometimes, we are just over friendly :) okay, then. I will use the past for such a sentence now. Thanks a lot, James. – Fadli Sheikh Oct 12 '19 at 8:06

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