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Something that is confusing me is:

Hey dude, Where has this come/ did this come from?

I know how to use Present Perfect, but, I don't know if using here sounds natural. Can I use both? But, of course the answers would be different. At least, this is what I think

Dude, where has this come from?

It's come from Dallas. 5 milles from here

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Dude, where did this come from?

It came from Dallas yesterday. 5 milles from here.

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    Regarding your question, this Google Books Ngram Viewer graph shows that for most of the last 200 years, did has been beaten has handsomely. The exception was for a brief period in the 1930s. Over the last 50 years, did has accelerated away from has - although both are perfectly idiomatic. books.google.com/ngrams/… – Ronald Sole Oct 13 '19 at 22:23
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While both are technically grammatically correct, in general, using the past tense for that sort of question is more idiomatic and sounds more natural:

Where did this come from?

Using the present perfect in this case may sound a bit strange.

However, the present perfect form is sometimes used to imply that the asker is more interested not in knowing where it was before, but rather how it came to be here now:

Q: Where did this plant come from?

A: It came from Mary's house. She was getting rid of it.

vs.

Q: Where has this plant come from?

A: Oh, I brought that over yesterday.

The present perfect is also used more often / interchangeably when talking about ideas rather than physical objects, to ask about the process by which something came about. As an example, these two statements mean pretty much the same thing, and both sound perfectly natural:

Where did this change of opinion come from?

Where has this change of opinion come from?

But in general, if you're talking about a physical thing, and you want to know where it was before it was here, the simple past form is usually what you want.


As a side-note, when responding to a question in the present perfect, the answer is usually stated simply in the past tense, so even assuming the present perfect was correct for the question, this answer doesn't really sound right:

It's come from Dallas, 5 miles from here.

Instead, that case should probably be phrased as:

Q: Dude, where has this come from?

A: It came from Dallas, 5 miles from here.

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