I have some free advice for you.

Does "for you" modify "some free advice "? Or it modifies "I have some free advice" ? Which one is correct? Is "for you " a post-positioned modifier or a sentence adverbial?

1 Answer 1


An interesting sentence.

Syntactically, for you might be understood either

  • as an adjunct modifying free advice (‘I have free advice which is intended for you’), or
  • as a complement of the adjective free (‘I have advice which is free for you’).

To my mind, however, semantics trumps syntax here. The clear meaning of the sentence is an announcement of impending action: ‘I am going to give you some free advice’. In that context, for you is a preposition phrase expressing the Indirect Object of the action.

This can be justified syntactically (if you need to justify it) by understanding have advice in a benefactive rather than a possessive sense.

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