I cannot understand the usage of infinitive in this sentence.

Japan went to save stranded resident and fight flood caused by one of worst typhoon to hit country in recent history.

Please explain why 'to hit' has been used here . Providing any reference material will be appreciated.

  • Where did you find this sentence? Did you write it? – AIQ Oct 15 '19 at 8:29
  • is it a newspaper (online or print) headline? – Smock Oct 15 '19 at 8:36
  • @smock it is written in a context of newspaper.not a headline – Deep Oct 15 '19 at 8:56
  • Can you edit the question to describe what your problem is with the sentence, and where you got it from. To me it sounds like a rather typical machine translation - a bit garbled. – simon at rcl Oct 15 '19 at 13:35
  • @simon at rcl.i edited it.please see that why ' to hit' is used.is it a reduced form of any clause? – Deep Oct 15 '19 at 13:52

When we say "A" is hit by "B", we mean "B" affects "A".

From Cambridge, one meaning of "hit" that is relevant to your context is

to have an unpleasant or negative effect on a person or thing

Look at these examples:

"Production has been badly hit by the strike." - This means that the strike created negative impacts on production. Due to the strike, factories were closed as workers were on the streets. This stopped production and there were losses.

"Demand for transatlantic flights has been hit by fears of terrorist attacks." - This means that because people were afraid of terrorist attacks, they did not want to travel by plane. The demand for tickets fell, and airline companies incurred severe losses. The demand for tickets was severely "hit" or "impacted" by fears of terrorist attacks.

In your case,

... one of [the] worst typhoons to hit [the] country in recent history.

means that there were several typhoons that happened before, but this one was the worst one. Because there was flood and severe damage to the country, the appropriate word is "hit". The country was badly affected by the typhoon. The impact of the typhoon was too severe.

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