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The sinking of the ship after it collided with an iceberg resulted in many safety reforms.

What is the simple predicate? Is it Sinking? Or is it colliding?

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The verb in the sentence is resulted.

You can parse the sentence like this, where [X] is the subject of the sentence:

The [X] resulted in many safety reforms.

In short:

The [sinking of the ship after it collided with an iceberg] resulted in many safety reforms.

It's the same general construction as this:

The [fire] resulted in many safety reforms.

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Neither are the predicate verb. "Sinking" is used as a noun (gerund)... it fou ere not sure, notice the article before it. "After it collided" is a dependent clause.

Look for another verb in that sentence.

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