My teacher believes that every sentence has a verb but I want to prove her wrong. (My teacher told the class that whoever can find a sentence with no verb she will give them a prize.)
Does anyone know and example of a sentence that has no verb?
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Many sentences without an explicit verb still have an implicit verb—a verb that has merely been elided. Answers to questions often work like this. For example: "What's your name?" "Verena." That is, "My name is Verena." I'm not sure those should count.
These sentences, however, really do follow syntactic structures for a full sentence that inherently do not contain a verb:
The more, the merrier.
Off with her head!
Out with the old and in with the new.
The first one is explained in more detail here. It's an important sentence structure for an ESL learner to know, and it's important to understand that it really has no verb lurking in it, not even implicitly.
Also, interjections stand as full sentences without a verb:
There are any number of "sentences" that consist of short exclamations or interjections, and which contain no verb. An easy example of this is a response to a question:
A: Is your answer a complete sentence?
Now, I can't say whether your teacher will agree that "Yes" is a complete English sentence, but you can always try and see what she says.