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According to this university site (section dedicated to bracketing commas):

There are a number of common words which typically introduce weak interruptions containing complete sentences. Among the commonest of these are although, though, even though, because, since , after, before, if, when and whenever.

Example from the site:

Columbus is usually credited with discovering America, even though the Vikings had preceded him by several centuries.

The author says weak interruptions typically contain complete sentences. So I wonder if, according to this rule, you can use incomplete sentences as well. Example:

She'd never let anyone hurt him, even if that meant sacrificing her life.

I wonder if by typically the author is implying that sometimes these interruptions are not complete sentences.

  • They are not sentences, complete or incomplete. A sentence commences with a capital letter and ends with a terminal point. In your first example "even though the Vikings had preceded him by several centuries" is a concessive adjunct, and in the second "even if that meant sacrificing her life" is a conditional adjunct. – BillJ Oct 26 '19 at 13:26
  • BillJ - The author clearly means 'independent clauses', and is trying to avoid linguistic jargon. – BadZen Nov 27 '19 at 4:13
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That meant sacrificing her life.

is a perfectly good sentence, or independent clause! So this is not a weak interruption with a dependent clause.

But it can and often does happen.

Here are two examples of weak interruptions which have dependent clauses (incomplete sentences):

Apples, which are my favorite fruit, are the main ingredient in this recipe.
My friend Allan, the baker, give me his secret brownies recipe.

It can even happen with those introductory phrases:

My shoes, although old and worn, are still quite comfortable.
At nine in the evening, after dining, the guests retired to the lounge.
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