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Project scheduling provides a detailed plan that represents how and when the project will deliver the products, services, and results defined in the project scope and serves as a tool for communication, managing stakeholders’ expectations, and as a basis for performance reporting.

In the above sentence, is the word serves a verb or a noun?

And how can I understand the whole sentence? Project scheduling provides a detailed plan and serves (NOUN). Is it correct? or Project scheduling provides a detailed plan and serves as tool...(If it is VERB).

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    "Project scheduling provides a detailed plan that represents how and when the project will deliver the products, services, and results defined in the project scope. It also [serves as] [/is] a tool for communication & managing stakeholders’ expectations, and it serves as a basis for performance reporting." //// Please note that ELU does not offer an interpretation / comprehension service. 'In the above sentence, is "serves" a verb or noun?' would be a valid question on our sister site, ELL, though they probably expect some signs of research (a dictionary definition, at least). – Edwin Ashworth Oct 31 at 12:05
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    Project scheduling provides [a plan] AND [Project scheduling] serves as [a tool]. But it might help parsing if the writer included a comma after that AND. – FumbleFingers Reinstate Monica Oct 31 at 12:58
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If the question about 'complex sentence' expects a syntactical reply, "A complex sentence has a main clause and one or more dependent clause(s).

E.g. Project scheduling provides a detailed plan that represents how and when the project will deliver the products, services, and results. Here "Project scheduling provides a detailed plan" is the main clause.

"that represents 'how and when the project will deliver the products, services, and results' " is a dependent clause which cannot stand alone. It is like....

...that represents a chain of things ...that represents a set of things... Similarly, ...that represents how and when the project will deliver the products, services, and results

Serves - is a verb. ... serves as a tool for communication, managing stakeholders’ expectations, and as a basis for performance reporting.

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The sentence means

Project planning provides a detailed plan that does two things. It details how and when the project will deliver its results. It also serves as a tool for communicating, managing expectations and measuring performance.

Trying to cram all that into one sentence is apt to lead to a sentence that is hard to understand. Here the failure to seperate "results and serves" where "result" is used as a noun and "serves" is used as a verb, into "... results and that serves" or into "... results, and (2) that serves" is an open invitation to confusion. The sentence is grammatical but awkward. A good writer could make the intent clear in a single sentence, but it is easy to convey the intended thought clearly in several sentences.

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