I don't understand what type of sentence is this. Is "and" a coordinating conjunction here? Is it a sentence with two relative clauses?

"This is the reflection of who you are and who you have become despite all of those experiences."


In abstract terms, this is a sentence which uses a form of the verb "to be" to link its subject to a subject complement. The basic structure is simple:

"X is Y."

The subject is "this", and the main verb is "is". Simple, right? ... However, the subject complement ("Y"), is a little bit complex and consists of the entire phrase, "the reflection of who you are and who you have become despite all of those experiences".

This long-ish phrase might be confusing to an English learner. It is really just one simple noun ("the reflection"), but that noun is modified by the preposition "of" followed by two objects. So the structure of the whole sentence is essentially:

"X is the Y of A and B."

Where "A" = "who you are"; and "B" = "who you have become despite all of those experiences".

The objects A & B are definitely clauses. When I looked up the grammar terms at yourdictionary and Grammar Bytes, I discovered that they are both technically "noun clauses" (not relative clauses), because they act as nouns in the sentence, (and not as adjectives like "relative clauses" would).

So "who you are" and "who you have become" both act as nouns connected by the coordinating conjunction "and". The "and" gives both of them equal status and importance as the two things [actually people, both of them "you"] that are involved in the "reflection" named in the sentence.

Sorry for the wordy explanation, but the short answer is:

Yes, "and" is a coordinating conjunction. Yes, the sentence has two dependent clauses. But, no, they are technically "noun clauses" not "relative clauses".

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  • "Who you are" and "who you have become" are best analysed as interrogatives (embedded questions). – BillJ Nov 3 '19 at 11:15

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