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What's the difference between them? and when do we use "What he does" and "What does he do"?

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What he does

What does he do?

What he does is an incomplete sentence. It can not stand on its own. It may be part a sentence or a part of an indirect question.

For example, you may ask someone what does he do?

The expected answer may be: He is a teacher.

If you want to be polite , you may ask an Indirect question such as:

Do you know what he does?

The expected answer might be:

Yes. I know what he does. He is a teacher

Structure:

Direct question:

What+ helping ver b+ subject+ do( main verb)

Here helping verb follows the wh-word.

The second part of a complex sentence or an Indirect question is what he does

The structure is:

What + subject+ main verb( does)

However, sometimes What he does? may be question with a rising tone in speech or a question mark in the end in writing?

What he does?

Here is two links which help us to know the differences.

https://www.espressoenglish.net/direct-and-indirect-questions-in-english/

https://englishwithkim.com/rising-intonation-questions/

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What is mostly used for two things:

1.

asking for information specifying something.

"what is your name?"

asking for repetition of something not heard or confirmation of something not understood.

"what? I can't hear you"

2.

the thing that / things that (used in specifying something).

"what we need is a commitment"

(referring to the whole of an amount) whatever.

"I want to do what I can to make a difference"

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  • This does not answer the question. – Colin Fine Nov 5 '19 at 12:32

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