It is a tendency among teachers of English in India to ask and teach sentences of this kind in the class.

What class are you studying?

Inwhich class are you studying?

What class are you in?

Which class are you in?

In India the pupils are promoted from class to class every year. They are promoted from first class to tenth class year after year. some call it standard Nobody call it grades. I have a class now means I have an English class now though.

Are the above expressions used by the native speakers and considered correct and idiomatic?. If none of them is correct, What is the correct and idiomatic expression used by the native speakers?

Your answer will help many teachers of English in India?


Class here is taken to mean a particular group, year or level of students.

So your first example What class are you studying does not work. It would be meaningful if you said that you were interested in beetles and someone asked you:What class (of beetles) are you studying. This is clearly not your intention.

The other three examples are all possible but are more or less likely in different contexts.

In which class are you studying? is likely to be understood as in which classroom are you studying. It is not idiomatic and overly formal if you mean what class.....

What class are you in? is perfectly idiomatic and most likely if someone wanted to know your subject or what year you were in. A typical answer might be: I'm in the physics/maths/English class or I'm in the 5th/6th/7th class.

Which class are you in? is also quite possible but more appropriate in choosing between two or three named classes, as in: I have seen you in both the English class/6th class and the French class/7th class. Which class are you (actually) in?

  • @ Ronald Sole. Here we call 6th class, 7th class and Tenth class.The expected answer is I am in Class 7th( It is not room. some call it 7th standard. Is it correct to question what class are you in? – successive suspension Nov 8 '19 at 14:53
  • Yes it is correct. Answer would be: I'm in Class 7 or I'm in (the) 7th class. – Ronald Sole Nov 8 '19 at 16:59
  • @ Ronald Sole.Could you please edit your answer a bit since I have edited my question. – successive suspension Nov 8 '19 at 17:05
  • 1
    I'll add a line but I think that Ksenia13's answer (which I have upvoted) covers the ground adequately, whether you are talking about class or grade. – Ronald Sole Nov 8 '19 at 17:10

It seems from your comment on Ronald Soles's post that your intended question is not about the specific subject being taken (i.e. French class or Math class), but about the level of schooling you are in, corresponding to how old you are and how long you have been in school.

A quick Google search has confirmed that the Indian school system refers to its levels of schooling as "classes", meaning one can be in 2nd class, 6th class, 8th class, etc.

In Canada and the USA, we call these grades, not classes. Here, a "class" refers to the subject you are taking, like math or science or history. In Canada/USA, you start school at age 3 or 4 in what is called kindergarten or primary school. Then at age 6 you enter "grade 1" or "first grade", and each subsequent year after that you move up a grade level until grade 12 ("12th grade"), which is the last year before university. "7th grade" or "grade 7" corresponds to the year of school when a student is 11-12 years old. This is therefore the same as "class 7" in India.

Additionally, in the UK they call these "years" or "forms", as in "Year 7" or "6th form". So as you can see, there are many different words for one's current educational level depending on which country you are talking about. Regardless, the format of the English phrasing is the same.

So, the way to ask this question would be:

"Which grade are you in?" or "What grade are you in?"

of which, the second is more common and idiomatic than the first, and to which the answer would be

"I am in 7th grade."

So, if you are talking about your educational class level in India, you would say "What class are you in?"

You could also say, "In which grade/class/year are you?", which is technically grammatically correct but not the common way to phrase it.

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