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I'm wondering if the following sentences have the same meaning. Does the second one sound natural in English?

I can't sit there because her bag is standing there

I can't sit there because she has her bag standing there

I'm also curious if i need to put the word "has" in the second example into present continuous

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Both are grammatically correct.

I can't sit there because her bag is standing there.

In this case, "her bag" is the subject of the 2nd clause. "Her bag" is the main topic of the clause.

I can't sit there because she has her bag standing there.

In this example, "she" is the subject and "her bag" is the object. "She" is the main topic of the clause.

Both sound natural to me. I think the 1st sentence sounds a little better but there's little difference in meaning.

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  • Thanks! But i would like to ask something else: do i need to put "has" in present continuous? Or simple present is ok? – So_sour Nov 14 '19 at 6:28
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    The meanings are subtly different. The first emphasizes the bag and its presence. The second emphasizes the woman's role in having placed the bag in that location. The second also suggests the woman herself is present with the bag. – TypeIA Nov 14 '19 at 7:16
  • There is a subtle difference which I kind of pointed out but it's small enough to be ignored by beginners. – John Zhau Nov 14 '19 at 8:08
  • @So_sour About your extra question, please edit your post and include an example. – John Zhau Nov 14 '19 at 8:09

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