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I should have been sentenced to prison , but my lawyer convinced the court that I'm innocent

The person who said the sentence is thankful because he is not in prison now , he does not wish to be in prison .

My question is: could we use "should have +pp" to mean that something was to expected but it didn't happen (and we are happy because it didn't happen) ?

  • I should leave now. I should have left then. The reasons can only be imagined by others if not revealed. – Lambie Dec 2 '19 at 18:30
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My question is: could we use "should have +pp" to mean that something was to expected but it didn't happen (and we are happy because it didn't happen) ?

Yes, here you are talking about what was expected, but it did not happen.

He shouldn't have come to work with that flu, but here he is!
Amazon should have accepted the return, but they only offered me a 10% coupon.

Also, I can use the same structure to talk about my expectations:

It shouldn't rain today, there's not a cloud in the sky!

There are other cases

More examples: https://www.oxfordlearnersdictionaries.com/definition/english/should

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