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Could someone please tell me whether I have to use 'due to' or 'by' in the following phrase?

This tone is mainly created due to/by the fact that the video contains real footage of wars and attacks on aid workers.

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    Which ever construction you prefer, it's a mouthful of a sentence. There's no need for the fact that. All it needs is: The tone is mainly created by the (real)(video) footage of wars and attacks on aid workers. Dec 8, 2019 at 22:25
  • “the fact that” is nearly always better omitted: This tone is created mainly by the real footage … Sep 25, 2023 at 16:04

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You probably mean the first. Neither is wrong, but their meanings slightly differ:

This tone is mainly created by the fact that the video contains real footage of wars and attacks on aid workers.

^ This is correct use and sounds natural. It means that the "fact" was the thing that created the "tone".

This tone is mainly created due to the fact that the video contains real footage of wars and attacks on aid workers.

^ This is a little bit awkward, but not incorrect. It means that the "tone" was created indirectly because of the "fact". A different person, place, or thing (perhaps an unspecified and default, natural, or automatic process) actually creates it.

If you meant that the footage creates the tone, use the first.

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