Hello I have a question.

The court sentences the acused 5 years for his committing the crime.

Is it in this sentence the structure is right. Subject (the court) , sentence is the verb, the accused is object.

Now, what about 5 years, is it noun?

What about for committing.......

Is the verb sentence can be in past.


Sentence here works like give, and you can in fact substitute give and not change the meaning too much.

The court sentences the accused 5 years for committing the crime

The court gives the accused 5 years for committing the crime

I'm mentioning give because give is a word that takes 2 objects, a direct and indirect one. Many other verbs when the meaning is similar or related to give also take 2 objects, and this is what "sentences" is doing.

So 5 years is the indirect object (what is being given/sentenced) and the accused is the direct object (the target of the giving/sentencing).

  • 3
    We usually say 'sentence to 5 years'. – Kate Bunting Dec 12 '19 at 17:47
  • Thanks, what about for committing the crime? Is it object also? Can the sentence be in the past? – Sdg Dec 12 '19 at 21:40

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