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Hello I have a question.

The court sentences the acused 5 years for his committing the crime.

Is it in this sentence the structure is right. Subject (the court) , sentence is the verb, the accused is object.

Now, what about 5 years, is it noun?

What about for committing.......

Is the verb sentence can be in past.

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Sentence here works like give, and you can in fact substitute give and not change the meaning too much.

The court sentences the accused 5 years for committing the crime

The court gives the accused 5 years for committing the crime

I'm mentioning give because give is a word that takes 2 objects, a direct and indirect one. Many other verbs when the meaning is similar or related to give also take 2 objects, and this is what "sentences" is doing.

So 5 years is the indirect object (what is being given/sentenced) and the accused is the direct object (the target of the giving/sentencing).

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    We usually say 'sentence to 5 years'. – Kate Bunting Dec 12 '19 at 17:47
  • Thanks, what about for committing the crime? Is it object also? Can the sentence be in the past? – Sdg Dec 12 '19 at 21:40

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